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Writing Studies & Composition WSC002 - Prof. Teller: Citation Help

MA Citation Guide

See the MLA Citation Guide: 8th Edition. This is a guide to some of the most commonly used and cited types of sources. It includes guidance both on creating Works Cited lists and on In-Text parenthetical citations. For more complete information, consult the MLA Handbook: 8th Edition shown here:

For help citing in MLA format, see the MLA Citation Guide: 8th Edition.

Basic Library Information

Check the easy-to-use interactive  Library Basics Tutorial to find out what we have, where to find it, how to access it, and what services we offer you.


During the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, the library will provide online reference services. Access reference services as follows:

  • Use the popout chat window that appears on the Library's homepage during the hours that reference services are available.
  • At any time, you may type a question to be answered by a librarian.  Click on the  question graphic on the top righthand corner of the Library's homepage  
  • Make a personal one-on-one research appointment with a librarian.
  • Or use the buttons below to quickly type us a question or chat with a librarian

Before You Cite...

Before you can cite a source, you must be able to identify what kind of source it is and the rules for citing different kinds of sources. You also might want to use a source in the bibliographies of other material you have read. But before you can do that you have to know:

  • Is it a book? What information do you need to put into a citation?
  • is it an article in a journal? In that case it has two titles: the title of the article and the title of the journal that contains it. Citations to journal articles require different information than citations to books.
  • Is it a chapter in a book? These citations have similarities and differences to citations or books and journal articles

Identifying Sources from Bibliographies: Some Diagnostics can help you understand the differences between the different types of sources and how you cite them.


Software for Citation Creation


Creates citations in APA, MLA and Chicago citation formats. You can export citations or an entire Works Cited List to MS Word, or simply copy and paste individual citations.  Open a free account in order to save your citations.


A powerful--and free--citation tool that can be used for longer research projects. Create an account and enter your sources easily by linking Zotero with your browser. It will synchronize with all of your devices and you can share your work with others. Install a plugin on Word and Zotero will pull your citations from your account and build your bibliography. See the guide, A Step-by-Step Guide to Using Zotero for help using Zotero.


A less powerful but easier to use citation generator. It supports a wide variety of citation styles and is adequate for most undergraduate research projects. You can also copy your bibliography to the clipboard and paste it into your Works Cited List.

Contact Information

Ann Grafstein, M.L.S, Ph.D.
Professor of Library Services
902H Axinn Library

Contact me by phone or email. Click on the button below to arrange an appointment during a scheduled time slot.

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