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OTH 201: Critical Inquiry: Clinical and Professional Reasoning Fall 2023

What does peer reviewed mean?

The process of peer review assesses the quality of articles submitted for publication in a scholarly journal. To be published in an academic journal. an article is evaluated by the following process:

  • The article is submitted for review to experts in the author's field to assess for credibility, quality, and validity. These fellow experts are considered to be the author's peers ("peer review"). 
  • The reviewers impartially assess the quality of the author's articles. 
  • The peer reviewers check the manuscript for accuracy and assess the validity of the research methodology and procedures.
  • Reviewers may suggest revision or even possibly reject if they have questions about the value of the article. 

The process of peer review helps to ensure the credibility and validity of an information source. 

How to tell if an article is peer reviewed

Not sure if your article is peer reviewed? Look for these clues: 

Author. The author's credentials & institution should be listed. Authors of peer reviewed articles typically have graduate degrees and often work at a university. 

Abstract. Many peer reviewed articles begin with an abstract, which is a paragraph summarizing the research. 

Audience. Peer reviewed articles are written for scholars, researchers, & students who are knowledgeable about the topic, and likely use specialized terminology. 

Purpose. What is the purpose of the article? Does the author want to support findings of a research project, present a case study, make an argument that is supported by evidence or research, etc.? 

References. Peer reviewed articles typically include a bibliography that cites many other peer reviewed sources. 

Publication venue. Peer reviewed articles are published in academic journals. Each journal usually only publishes content that is related to a specific academic discipline or sub-discipline. 

Peer Review Process

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