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Mass Media: History & Development: First Amendment Paper

Research Databases

NEWS Databases - Includes a link to NexisUni where you can look up Supreme Court cases.
How do I search legal cases?

Using Nexis Uni®, you can search extensive legal sources for federal and state cases and statutes, including U.S. Supreme Court decisions since 1790. You can search federal and state cases or codes and limit your search to a specific date range.

To do this:

  1. At the Nexis Uni home page, locate the Guided Search task pods.
  2. Choose Cases in the What are you interested in? box.
  3. Type your search terms in the About box.
  4. Choose the news timeframe you want to search in from the All Dates drop-down list.
  5. Click Search. Your results appear.


Online Reference Databases

Exceptions to the First Amendment

This document, Freedom of Speech and Press: Exceptions to the First Amendment, is by legislative attorney Kathleen Ann Ruane and published by Congressional Research Service. (Available online at:

From the Summary:

"This report provides an overview of the major exceptions to the First Amendment—of the ways that the Supreme Court has interpreted the guarantee of freedom of speech and press to provide no protection or only limited protection for some types of speech. For example, the Court has decided that the First Amendment provides no protection for obscenity, child pornography, or speech that constitutes what has become widely known as “fighting words.” The Court has also decided that the First Amendment provides less than full protection to commercial speech, defamation (libel and slander), speech that may be harmful to children, speech broadcast on radio and television (as opposed to speech transmitted via cable or the Internet), and public employees’ speech."

Example - How to format a paper APA style

Example of an APA-formatted paper from The OWL at Purdue:

Citation Creation & Management

Communication Studies Reference Librarian

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