ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID, pronounced like the flower) is an open, community-based, non-profit organization whose goal is to create and maintain a registry of unique research identifiers which allow your colleagues, institution, publishers, and funding agencies to link you to your work and distinguish you from researchers with similar names.
Researcher Identifiers, also known as Digital Author Identifiers (DAI) or Scholarly Identifiers, are unique numeric codes that establish a unique identity for a given author or creator. Research Identifiers are becoming more important in today's scholarly and publishing systems because the number of authors and research outputs keeps expanding globally, challenging our ability to associate individuals with their works accurately and unambiguously. There are several research identifiers, including ORCID, Scopus ID, and Web of Science's Researcher ID.
Other identifiers are associated with certain countries, institutions, disciplines, or proprietary systems (like Scopus or Web of Science) so their scope is limited. ORCID is internationally established, disciplinary neutral, and platform agnostic. It has been specifically designed to not only act as a standalone research identifier but to connect all other identifier systems. How robust an identifier system is relies entirely upon how widely it is adopted and ORCID integration is now offered by many institutions, organizations, and publishers including:
*ORCID required to publish
Sullenger, P. ORCID and Other Researcher Identifiers [Internet]. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University; 2015 [cited 2016 Jun 22]. Available from: http://guides.library.tamu.edu/content.php?pid=553864&sid=4564756
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