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SOM Scientific Writing: Citing Sources

Note About Citing Sources

The NLM citation style is the standard style used for School of Medicine (SOM) assignments and posters. The APA citation style is the standard style used for School of Graduate Nursing and Physician Assistant Studies (SGNPAS) assignments and posters.
 
The citation style you use for publications outside of SOM and SGNPAS will differ depending on what the publisher or organization is requiring. For your reference, the following link provides links to the Instructions for Authors for over 6,000 journals in the health and life sciences: http://mulford.utoledo.edu/instr/.

Style Guides

Recommended SOM LibGuides

NLM Citation Examples

For additional examples, consult Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (2nd ed).

Journal Article

Entire Book

Contributions to Books

Whole Website

Part of a  Website

Contributions to Databases on the Internet (Example: UpToDate)

Opal P, Bonilla FA. Ataxia-telangiectasia. [updated 2014 Sep 18; cited 2014 Oct 10]. In: UpToDate [Internet]. Waltham (MA): UpToDate. c2014. Available from: www.uptodate.com/contents/ataxia-telangiectasia?source=search_result&search=ataxia&selectedTitle=4~150


Image Citation:

Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007- [cited 2015 Sep 1]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7256/

APA Citation Examples

For additional examples, consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (call # WZ345 P976 2010).

Book - One Author

Author, A.A. (publication year). Title of book. Location: Publisher.

Book - Two Authors

Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (publication year). Title of book. Location: Publisher.

Book Chapter

Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (publication year). Chapter title. In A. Editor, B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.

Journal Article with DOI

Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (publication year). Article title. Journal title, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Journal Article without DOI but retrieved online

Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (publication year). Article title. Journal title, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. Retrieved from [URL]



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